BI 1: CONTINUITY, CHANGE AND DIVERSITY: Age-Related Big Idea For Ages 14-18


The bridge between the Big Idea and the substantive knowledge is the topic-related question.

Schools should interpret the following ‘pupils know and understand’ sections in relation to the religions / worldviews they have chosen to teach for this age-group. These decisions will reflect the national legal requirement and any local or denominational requirements.

Topic-related Questions and Learning Objectives for Ages 14-18

BI 1: CONTINUITY, CHANGE AND DIVERSITY: AGE-RELATED BIG IDEA FOR AGES 14-18There is no consensus on the meaning of the word ‘religion’ or how it relates to the term ‘worldview’. During the 20th and 21st centuries in particular, religious and non-religious worldviews have faced challenges from a range of moral, political and social issues in national and international contexts.

Topic-related questionPupils know and understand:
1. What is the difference, if any, between a religious and a non-religious worldview? i. popular understandings of what religion is
ii. different scholarly definitions of religion
iii. views from adherents of religious and non-religious worldviews of what religion is
iv. different meanings of the word ‘worldview’
v. why some worldviews are classified as religions while others are not and by whom. 
2. What factors have led to changes in religions / worldviews in the past and how have these impacted upon the traditions?i. that religions / worldviews can change as a result of:
a. the effect of local culture (e.g. Islam in Pakistan and Turkey; compare the life of a CofE Cathedral and a new community church on a housing estate)
b. disagreements about ideology and authority (e.g. Sunni / Shia)
c. the intervention of an influential person or group with a new interpretation of the religion (e.g. A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada; Charles Taze Russell)
ii. that some people who do not agree with the decisions their leaders have made may break away and set up a new group (e.g. reactions in the CofE to the ordination of women).
3. What are the main challenges of the 21st century and how are religions / worldviews responding?i. that religions in particular have been challenged to respond to:
a. religious plurality 
b. the impact of liberalism on traditional values
c. the role of women, feminism
d. feminism
e. LGBT+ issues
f. the environmental crisis
g. developments in the sciences, including medicine
h. war and peace, terrorism and the rise of extremism
i. social justice, including poverty/wealth, refugees.


(Word Download) EXEMPLAR 1: Religion and Worldviews: Past Changes and Current Challenges


Is England a secular society? (Also BI 5)

Why are so few women mentioned in the histories of worldviews?

Why aren’t all the people in a religion / worldview the same?

Why do religions / worldviews change?